Tuesday, 29 November 2011

Fencing Techniques and Olympic Fencing Tickets

Holding the grip too tight leads to numerous problems. The arm must be the primary strength control, although these muscles should be used to a minimum until action occurs. Many fencing attacks and parries require very flexible wrist movements in order to properly execute parries, counter-parries, envelopments, disengages and coupes. A tight grip also degrades the accuracy of point placement, since the arm will then move with the wrist and it displace the point. Any preliminary arm movement is a signal of things to come, and the movements become larger and slower.
The French foil is held and fenced differently, since the grip is comparatively long and must be maneuvered around the wrist as the blade changes position. Then lightly wrap the other fingers around the grip as shown below. The blade should be in line with the arm, both vertically and horizontally. Note that three fingers do most of the holding.
A characteristic undesirable bend at the wrist is not unusual for beginning fencers, and it must be corrected at the earliest possible opportunity. There should be a slight bend at the elbow in the en grade position, and the elbow must be kept in toward the body. Keep the blade aligned with your forearm so that the arm lies in a vertical plane. The blade will tend to go toward the direction in which it is pointed, so the blade must be in line with both the target and the forearm, pointed toward the target. There is a tendency to bend the hand to the right and somewhat downward, which will make the point go towards the right and below the target. Aldo Nadi taught very small, efficient movements and recommended the use of a tight wrist strap in order to be able to use very fine finger control for foil fencing. The wrist strap also helps keep the blade in line. Bella de Tuscan used very flexible wrist movements combined with finger control for sabre fencing, and this method can also be used for foil. The lunge will tend to move toward wherever you point your forward foot, so point it directly toward your opponent. The position of the knee can also cause problems, so keep it vertically over the front foot.

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Thursday, 24 November 2011

Excel London and Olympic Fencing Tickets

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ExCeL London is an exhibitions and conference centre in the London Borough of New ham, England. It is located on a 0.40 km2 site on the northern quay of the Royal Victoria Dock in London Docklands, between Canary Wharf and London City Airport.
The centre was built by Sir Robert Mc Alpine, opened in November 2000, and in May 2008, was acquired by Abu Dhabi National Exhibitions Company. Phase II was completed on 1 May 2010. This £164m expansion increased ExCeL's event space by 50% (to nearly 100,000 m²) and added further meeting space, banqueting facilities, and event space. The extension also includes a flexible 5,000 seat International Conference Centre.
The Royal Victoria Dock closed to commercial traffic in 1981, but it is still accessible to shipping. The centre's waterfront location is used when it hosts the annual London Boat Show, with visiting vessels able to moor alongside the centre; for example the 2005 show was visited by HMS Sutherland The exhibition building itself consists of two column-free, rectangular, sub dividable halls of approximately 479,493 square feet (approximately 44,546 m²) each on either side of a central boulevard containing catering facilities and information points. There are also three sets of function rooms, one overlooking the water, another above the western end of the central boulevard, and the third on the north side of the building. These are used for smaller meetings, seminars, presentations, and corporate hospitality. There are 5 hotels, more than 30 bars and restaurants, plus 3700 parking spaces on the campus. In April 2009, ExCeL played host to the 2009 G20 London summit.
ExCeL London is served by two light rail stations. The main western entrance is directly linked to Custom House for ExCel station and the eastern entrance is connected to Prince Regent Station, both of which are served by the Docklands Light Railway (DLR). During major shows with large visitor attendances, extra shuttle trains are run between the venue and Canning Town station, with interchange at Canning Town station to London Underground's Jubilee Line. ExCeL London is located near London City Airport station. The DLR and a number of dual-carriageway roads connect the centre to the airport and the important nearby office-and-commercial district of Canary Wharf.
For the 2012 Summer Olympics, ExCeL London will be divided into four sports halls with capacities ranging from 6,000 to 10,000 that will be used for fencing.

Friday, 18 November 2011

Mariel Zagunis and Fencing Tickets

Mariel Leigh Zagunis was born on March 3, 1985 in Beaverton, Oregon. She is an American Olympic sabre fencer, of Lithuanian heritage. She won the gold medals in the individual sabre at the 2004 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Olympics. She is only the second American ever to have won a gold medal in Olympic fencing.
Zagunis is the daughter of Olympians. Her parents, Robert and Cathy Zagunis, were collegiate rowers, at Oregon State University and Connecticut College, respectively, before competing with the U.S. rowing team at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. Her older brother Marten and younger brother Merrick also fence sabre. She was the first American fencer to hold the Jr. World Cup Champion title 2002, and she did so three years in a row 2002, 2003 and 2004. She is the youngest fencer ever to win the FIE World Championship gold, and the youngest fencer to win three FIE medals in one season. Zagunis won the FIE over-all medal three years in a row. She was the first fencer in the history of the sport to hold more than two World Champion titles in one season.
She an athletic scholarship and entered the University of Notre Dame in 2004 on behalf of that scholarship. In October 2005, Zagunis won her seventh World Champion title at the Leipzig, Germany World Championships, in the women's team event. A year later at the 2006 World Fencing Championships she won the silver, after losing the final to Rebecca Ward. She is the second U.S. fencer in history to have won the World Cup total points Title from the FIE. The Women's Sabre event was being contested for the first time at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Zagunis did not directly qualify to fence in the tournament. However, Nigeria decided not to send their qualifying fencer to the tournament, and as the next highest seeded fencer in the world, Zagunis was selected to represent the United States at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
Zagunis entered the 2008 Summer Olympics seeded sixth. She received a bye in the first round, entering the tournament when there were 32 fencers remaining. She trailed at the break in her round of 32 matches against Sandra Sassine 8–7, but scored eight of the last ten touches to win 15–10. She then defeated Bogna Jozwiak 15–13 in the Round of 16. She beat Bao Yingying in the quarterfinals, 15–9. Zagunis then faced her training partner from the Oregon Fencing Alliance, Rebecca Ward, in the semifinals and defeated her 15–11. In the gold medal match, Zagunis faced the other top seed in the tournament, Sada Jacobson, and won, 15–8. With Ward's victory in the bronze medal match, fencers from the USA had won all three medals in the individual event.
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Tuesday, 15 November 2011

Fencing Epee and Fencing Tickets

Epee is the modern derivative of the dueling sword. It is the small sword itself descended from the rapier, used in sport fencing. Epee is French for "sword". As a thrusting weapon the epee is similar to a foil compared to a sabre, but has a stiffer blade that is V shaped in cross-section, has a larger bell guard, and is heavier. The technique however, is somewhat different, as there are no rules regarding priority and right of way. In addition, the entire body is a valid target area.
A modern epee for use by adult fencers has a blade which measures 90 centimeters from the bell guard to the tip; the maximum allowable mass is 770g, but most competition swords are much lighter, weighing 300g - 450g. Epees for use by children under 12 are shorter and lighter, making it easier for them to use.
The epee has a three sided blade, in contrast to the foil and sabre which are rectangular in cross section. In competitions a valid epee touch is scored if a fencer touches the opponent with enough force to depress the tip; by rule, this is a minimum force of 7.4 N. Since the hand is a valid target, the bell guard is much larger than that of the foil. The bell guard is typically made of aluminum or stainless steel. The tip is wired to a connector in the bell guard, then to an electronic scoring device or "box." The bell guard, blade, and handle of the epee are all grounded to the scoring box to prevent hits to the weapon from registering as touches.
In the groove formed by the V-shaped blade, there are two thin wires leading from the far end of the blade to a connector in the bell guard. These wires are held in place with strong glue. The amount of glue is kept to a minimum as in the unlikely case that a fencer manages a touch in that glue; the touch would be registered on the electrical equipment, as the glue is not conductive. In the event of tip to tip hits, a point should not be awarded. A "body cord" with a three-pronged plug at each end is placed underneath the fencer's clothing and attached to the connector in the bell guard, then to a wire leading to the scoring box. The scoring box signals with lights one for each fencer and a tone each time the tip is depressed.
The dueling sword developed in the 19th century when, under pressure from the authorities, duels were more frequently fought until "first blood" only, instead of to the death. Under this provision, it became sufficient to inflict a minor nick on the wrist or other exposed area on the opponent in order to win the duel. This had consequences for both fencing technique and design of the weapon. Rapiers with full cup guards had been made since the mid 17th century but were not widespread before the 19th century.
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Friday, 11 November 2011

Fencing Sabre and Fencing Tickets

The sabre is one of the three weapons of modern sport fencing, and is alternatively spelled saber in American English. The sabre differs from the other modern fencing weapons, the epee and foil, in that it is possible to score with the edge of the blade; for this reason, sabreur movements and attacks are very fast. For the other two weapons, valid touches are only scored using the point of the blade. Like foil, sabre uses the convention of right of way to determine who acquires the touch. The term sabreur refers to a male fencer who fences with a sabre. Sabreuse is the female equivalent.
The cross section of the sabre blade is Y or V shaped, unlike the quadrangular shape of the foil, but not as stiff as the epee. Adult blades are 88 cm in length. At the end of the blade, the point is folded over itself to form a button, although no actual button exists. The bell guard of the sword is curved around the handle, giving the fencer hand protection. On electrical sabres, a socket for the body wire is found underneath the bell guard. A fastener known as a pommel is attached to the end of the sword to keep the bell guard and handle on. The handle of a sabre is standard a straight saber grip, as other grips are incompatible with the bell guard. The entire weapon is generally 105 cm long. The maximum weight is 500g, but most competition swords are closer to 400g. It is shorter than the foil or epee, and lighter than the epee, making it easier to move swiftly and incisively. Many equate the sabre's blade to a matchstick, in that they are easy to snap but relatively cheap to replace.
At sabre, it is generally easier to attack than to defend and high-level international sabre fencing is often very fast and very simple, although when required, top sabreurs do display an extended repertoire of tactical devices. In response to the relatively high speed of sabre fencing, the rules for sabre were changed to prohibit the forward cross-over. Thus, the fleche attack is no longer permissible, so sabre fencers have instead begun to use a flying lunge. This attack begins like a fleche, but the fencer pushes off from the ground and moves quickly forward, attempting to land a hit before their feet cross over. Similarly, running attacks consisting of a failed fleche followed by continuous remises have also been eliminated.
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Thursday, 3 November 2011

Fencing Foil and Fencing Tickets

The foil is light and flexible, originally developed in the mid 17th  century as a training weapon for the Pariser small sword, a light one-handed sword designed almost exclusively for thrusting.
Electric foils have a push button on the point of the blade, which allows hits to be registered by an electronic scoring apparatus. In order to register, the button must be depressed with a force of at least 4.90 newtons for at least 15 milliseconds. Foil and Sabre fencers wear conductive jackets covering their target area, which allow the scoring apparatus to differentiate between on- and off-target hits.
The target area is restricted to the torso, including the front and back. A modification in FIE rules from 1 January 2009 includes as valid target area the part of the mask's bib below a straight line drawn between the shoulders; prior to this, the bib of the fencer's mask was not a valid target. International events such as Junior or Senior World Cup Events require the bib target. However, this rule has not been implemented uniformly in all National fencing organizations. European fencing organizations generally decided on September 1, 2009 as the date for all competitions to use the new rule.
Foil fencing is conducted using rules of right of way. The basic principle is that, if both fencers score a touch on the other, the fencer who began their offensive action first prevails, unless that offensive action fails. A fencer's action fails if it misses his/her opponent, or it is parried. If priority cannot be determined when both fencers have hit each other, no point is awarded.
The original idea behind the rules of foil fencing was to encourage fencers to defend and attack vital areas, and to fight in a methodical way with initiative passing back and forth between the combatants, thus minimizing the risk of a double death.
The target must be hit with the tip of the foil; a touch with any other part of the foil has no effect whatsoever and fencing continues uninterrupted. A touch on an off-target area halts the action, but does not score a point.
When an exchange ends in a hit, the referee will call "halt," and fencing will cease. The referee will then analyze the exchange and phrase it in official terminology. An example of this terminology would be "Attack from the left, no. Parry Riposte from the right is good. Touch right."
The first offensive action is called the attack. All defensive actions successfully deflecting an opponent's blade are called parries. An offensive action of a parrying fencer directly following the parry is called a riposte. An offensive action of a fencer, who attacks a second time without first withdrawing the arm after an unsuccessful first attack, is called a remise. An offensive action of a fencer from the on-guard position, after being parried and then returning to the on-guard position, is called a reprise. An offensive action of a fencer after his/her opponent has lost the right to riposte via inaction is called a redouble. An offensive action begun by a fencer who is being attacked by his/her opponent is called a counter-attack.
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Tuesday, 1 November 2011

Fencing Champion and Olympic Fencing

Sada Molly Jacobson (born February 14, 1983 in Rochester, Minnesota) is an American fencer. Her hometown is Dunwoody, GA. She is the 2008 Olympic Individual Sabre silver medalist and 2004 Olympic Individual Sabre bronze medalist. She has been training at Nellya fencers from a young age.
Jacobson is a daughter of David Jacobson, a member of the 1974 U.S. National fencing team in saber and now an endocrinologist, and Tina Jacobson, who has also fenced competitively.
She is the sister of fellow U.S. Olympic team fencer Emily Jacobson and world-class fencer Jackie Jacobson.
Jacobson swam competitively for 2 years in high school. She postponed her college career to train full-time for the 2004 Summer Olympics.
She graduated the Westminster Schools in 2000. She graduated with a history degree from Morse College, Yale University. She studied history at Yale University. She began law school at the University of Michigan in the fall of 2008.
She has been coached by Arkady Burdan of Nellya Fencers, and Henry Hartunian at Yale.
In 2004, she took a leave of absence from Yale University and qualified for the U.S. Olympic team. That year was the first in which women's individual sabre was contested at an Olympic Games.
At the Olympics, Jacobson beat Miclin Faez 15–4, in the round of 16. She beat Leonore Perrus in the quarterfinals 15–11 to advance to the semifinals. She lost to # 5 seed Tan Xue 15–12 in the semis. On August 17, she won the bronze medal by beating Catalina Gheorhitoaia 15–7. That match took place before the gold-silver match, and therefore Jacobsen became the first women's sabre Olympic medalist.
At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Jacobson was named the top seed.[16] She beat Mailyn Gonz├ílez, 15–11, in the round of 32. In the round of 16, she trailed Ukrainian fencer Olga Kharlan8–5, but came back to win 15–13. In the quarterfinals, she beat Elena Khomrova 15–11.
Entering the semifinals, all three American fencers were still in the tournament. In the semifinals, Jacobson again trailed 8–5 at the break, but came back with 10 out of the final 13 touches in the bout, and defeated Sofiya Velikaya 15–11, assuring Jacobson of at least the silver medal. In the final, Jacobson lost to defending gold medalist, Mariel Zagunis, 15–8, and won the silver medal. The United States swept the event, with Zagunis winning the gold, Jacobson the silver, and Rebecca Ward the bronze.
When the three medal winners finished their group hug, a gentleman in the front row, moved by the show of emotion, reached into his pocket and produce a neatly folded white handkerchief, handing it down to Jacobson. Her silver medal still hanging around her neck by a bright red ribbon, she laughed, dabbed her eyes and handed it back. The man laughed with her and dabbed his own eyes. Moments later Jacobson thought, "Maybe I should have kept it." But by then the hanky, full of her tears, was back in the pocket of former president George H.W. Bush.
In the women's sabre team event, the US was heavily favored to win the team event. Jacobson teamed up with Zagunis and Ward to defeat the South African team in the quarterfinals, 45–8. In the semifinals, they fenced the team from the Ukraine. The Ukrainians, seeded fifth, defeated the favored US team 45–39, denying them a gold medal, and placing them in the bronze medal bout against France.
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